What to do when expat worries become sleepless nights
"I can’t sleep." "I don’t sleep through the night." "I lie awake for hours each night before I fall asleep." Do any of these sound familiar to you?
Reasons for sleepless nights
People suffer from disturbed sleep for different reasons, including medical problems (like hyperthyroidism or migraines), emotional distress (such as depression or anxiety), changes in lifestyle (having a baby or any other changes that may influence daily patterns), and general life stressors.
Expats tend to face additional stressors that can lead to sleepless nights, like relocating, being new to a city, moving house regularly, feeling homesick, dwelling on questions like "should I stay or should I go?", feeling the instability of being in transition… you name it!
Of course, lack of sleep only makes those stressors all the more challenging to deal with. And when you’re sleep deprived, it’s difficult to really enjoy your expatriate experience.
Steps for a better sleep
Fortunately, there are some small steps you can take to try break the cycle. Here are some pointers to help you sleep better… I know how much you want to!
› Establish a regular bedtime
And be disciplined about it (yes, weekends included!). Going to sleep and waking up at the same time daily helps stabilize your internal clock.
› Get into a routine
If you are in a transitional phase before or after relocation, try to get into a normal routine as soon as possible.
I understand this is not always easy to do; your body may suffer from jet lag and need to adjust to a new time zone, you may not live in your own house yet, or your house may still be full of boxes, but the sooner you can get back to normal life, the better you’ll feel and the easier it’ll be to re-establish good sleep patterns.
› Develop rituals that signal the end of the day
For example, "I will turn off my computer by 7 pm", "I won’t look at emails after 9 pm", or "I will put the kids to bed and treat myself to a hot cup of calming herbal tea before heading to bed". Tell yourself that it is time for rest so that you can start the new day feeling fresh.
› A bed is for sleeping
Don’t eat, work, watch television, read or argue in bed.
› Preferably avoid naps
Naps don’t necessarily replace the quality of sleep you get from a full night’s sleep. Some people are able to take naps and feel rejuvenated.
For others, a nap can sabotage the sleep-wake cycle. If you really can’t resist a nap, then restrict it to a maximum of one hour, at the same time each day.
› Take a warm bath one to two hours before bedtime
A temperature of 37-38°C is recommended to relax both body and mind.
› Think of something pleasant
Select an image to focus on while falling asleep. Images commonly used are a burning candle, a favourite vacation scene, clouds, waterfalls, and floating on or sinking into a mattress.
› Decide on ONE thing
Decide on one thing that you will start doing from today to improve your sleep. Repeat and finish the sentence: "As of today, I am going to…" It is important to take that first step.