High-speed rail in the Netherlands: How does it compare?

High-speed rail in the Netherlands: How does it compare?

High-speed rail (HSR) is offered in many countries around the world and has become an extremely popular method of transport for commuters and day-trippers, not to mention it’s so much more eco-friendly than driving.

While other countries around the world, like China, Japan and Germany have long-established high-speed railway networks that span thousands of kilometres, the Netherlands has a relatively new, and relatively short, high-speed network – the Hogesnelheidslijn (HSL).

To be honest, there doesn’t seem much need for long-distance trains in the Netherlands, the country is so small you can get from one side to another in just a matter of hours. Yet, a number of foreign high-speed rail services operate within the Netherlands.

High-speed rail networks worldwide

So, with this in mind, let’s take a look at the Netherlands HSL network and compare it to five other high-speed rail networks from around the world.

HSL – Netherlands

When it comes to public transport in the Netherlands, the HSL is but a small part compared to the expansive system of trams, metros, ferries and buses. There are two high-speed lines in the Netherlands: the HSL Zuid, which runs from Amsterdam Centraal to Rotterdam Centraal, and the Hanzelijn, which runs from Lelystad to Zwolle.

  • Maximum speed: 300 km/h
  • Routes: 197 km
  • Facilities: Free WiFi, quiet zones, toilets but no food

The Netherlands’ high-speed rail lines are relatively new compared to the other networks on this list, with construction only beginning in 2000 and passenger services beginning in 2009.

Another high-speed line, called the HSL-Oost, is planned that will travel from Amsterdam into Germany via Utrecht and Arnhem. The Netherlands is also planning to upgrade several lines so trains can operate at 160 km/h or 200 km/h. The decision regarding which lines will be upgraded will be made at the end of this year or in 2021.

ICE – Germany

When it comes to public transport in Germany, Deutsche Bahn reigns supreme. Carrying around two billion passengers annually, the transport company is the largest railway operator in Europe and operates Germany’s high-speed ICE network. The network has been steadily growing in popularity, with 94 million people using the service in 2018.

  • Maximum speed: 300 km/h
  • Routes: 6.600 km
  • Facilities: Free WiFi, relaxation areas and onboard restaurants

Despite the impressive stats, ICEs are often plagued by delays; this is due to a large number of stops per route. Furthermore, the fact that there are only a few lines reserved for ICE trains means that they often have to share the tracks with slower trains, meaning that the maximum speeds are rarely hit.

TGV – France

France's intercity high-speed rail service is operated by the state-owned company SNCF. The TGV network carries around 110 million passengers each year.

  • Maximum speed: 320 km/h
  • Routes: 2.600 km
  • Facilities: No dining car and not all trains have WiFi

The TGV holds the record for the fastest train speed with 574,8 kmh, recorded in 2007. TGV lines are only used by TGV trains.

AVE – Spain

Operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, AVE is the longest HSR network in Europe and the second-largest in the world (after China). The constantly-growing network transported a record 21,3 million passengers in 2018.

  • Maximum speed: 300 km/h
  • Routes: 3.100 km
  • Facilities: Bar carriage, warm food served in first class. WiFi only available on selected routes

AVE trains are amongst the most punctual in the world, with a delay rate of only 5 percent. A new route of low-cost high-speed trains is also in the offing, with tickets expected to be up to 25 percent cheaper.

Shinkansen – Japan

Colloquially known as the "bullet train", the Shinkansen network of high-speed railways in Japan was originally built to connect distant regions with the capital Tokyo. It is operated by five Japan Railways Group companies and transports around 353 million passengers each year.

  • Maximum speed: 320 km/h
  • Routes: 2.300 km
  • Facilities: No restaurants, but passengers can pick up refreshments from mobile snack bars. All trains will feature WiFi by 2020

In its 50-year history, during which it has transported more than 5,3 billion passengers, Japan’s Shinkansen has never experienced a fatal incident. The Japanese HSR network, which is completely separate from other train networks, is considered one of the safest and most punctual in the world, with some trains running every minute.

CRH – China

Connecting about 80 percent of the major cities in China, the CRH high-speed rail network is operated by China Railway and is the largest of its kind in the world. Its tracks account for about two-thirds of the world's high-speed rail tracks in commercial service, and in 2017 it delivered 1,713 billion trips.

  • Maximum speed: 380 km/h
  • Routes: 29.000 kilometres (set to increase to 30.000 in 2020).
  • Facilities: Depending on the service, the CRH offers train restaurants as well as snack trolleys and free WiFi

China’s trains were originally based on foreign technology; however, the latest trains were all developed in China. While the trains might travel at a whopping 380 k/mh, there was a collision in 2011 which resulted in 40 fatalities. Subsequently, the top speed was temporarily dropped to 300 km/h.

Jump aboard!

Have you ever ridden on any of these high-speed rail networks? How was your experience and, most importantly, how do you think they compare to the Netherlands’ high-speed trains? Let us know in the comments below!

This article originally appeared in IamExpat Germany 

William Nehra


William Nehra

William studied a masters in Classics at the University of Amsterdam. He is a big fan of Ancient History and football, particularly his beloved Watford FC.

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