History of the Netherlands

1st century BC
Numerous tribes (mostly Frisians and Batavians) become the area’s first inhabitants.

 4th century
Barbarians invade the area.

 1275
Amsterdam is founded.

 1421
Storm causes a flood that drown approximately 10.000 inhabitants.

 1516
King of Spain Charles V inherites the Netherlands.

 1521
Wooden buildings in Amsterdam are banned. 

 1578
Amsterdam abandons the Spanish and Catholic cause.

 1579
The Union of Utrecht unites the northern Low Countries.

 1581
The United Provinces declare their independence from Spain.

 1602
The United East India is founded.

 1609
The Dutch discover Manhattan Island.

 1626
Peter Minuit (Director-General of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands) purchases Manhattan Island for the equivalent of 24 dollars.

 1630 - 1654
Dutch conquer Brazil.

 1642
Rembrandt paints The Night Watch.

night watch
Source: Wikipedia

 1642 - 1643
Abel Tasman reaches Tasmania and New Zealand.

 1648
End of war with Spain; Dutch independence recognised.

 1652
Jan van Riebeek reaches Cape Town; first Anglo-Dutch war.

 1661
Brazil is sold to Portugal.

 1665 - 1667
Second Anglo-Dutch war.

 1672 - 1674
Third Anglo-Dutch war.

 1795
Velvet Revolution; French occupy the Netherlands.

 1806 - 1810
Louis Bonaparte (Napoléon's brother
) becomes king of the Netherlands.

 1813
The Netherlands regains independence.

 1814
The country becomes the Kingdom of the Netherlands headed by Willem l of the House of Oranje-Nassau.

 1830
Belgium rebels against the Netherlands and breaks free.

 1853
Vincent van Gogh is born.

 1870
Amstel Brewery opened.

 1890
Vincent van Gogh commits suicide*

 1920
KLM launces the world’s first scheduled air service.

 1922
Dutch women get the vote.

 1928
Olympic Games are held in Amsterdam.

 1940
Germany invades and conquers the Netherlands four days after the aerial bombardment of Rotterdam.

 1941
February strike against deportation of the Jewish community.

 1942 - 1945
Anne Frank and her family hide in Amsterdam. The refuge is betrayed and Anne dies at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She was 15.

 1944 - 1945
Thousands die during the Hunger Winter.

 1947
The Diary of Anne Frank is published.

› 1948
Benelux customs union takes effect.

 1949
The Dutch East Indies receives its independence as Indonesia; the Netherlands joins NATO.

 1952
The Netherlands founding member of European Coal and Steel Community.

 1958
The Netherlands joins the European Economic Community.

 1975
Amsterdam’s 700th anniversary; the Netherlands grants independence to Surinam; use of cannabis is decriminalised.

 1980
Queen Juliana retired and succeeded by her daughter Beatrix.

 1987
The Homomonument is unveiled.

homomonument
Photo by Flickr user JorgeBRAZIL

 2001
The world’s first same-sex marriage takes place in Amsterdam.

 2002
Euro replaces the Dutch guilder; regulated euthenasia is legalised.

 2005
Dutch voters reject EU constitution.

 2010
The Netherlands withdraws its soldiers from Afghanistan.

 

* According to Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith, authors of new biography Van Gogh: The Life, Vincent van Gogh did not commit suicide.

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The Netherlands
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